Age Uke = Upper Rising Block
Gedan Barai = Downward Block
Morote Uke = Forearm Block
Shuto Uke = Knife Hand Block
Soto Uke = Outside Block
Uchi Uke = Inside Block
Choku Zuki = Straight punch
Gyaku Zuki = Reverse Punch
Kizami zuki = Straight, front hand lunging punch (like a ‘jab’)
Oi Zuki = Lunge Punch
Sanbon zuki = Triple punch (age zuki, gyaku zuki, choku zuki)
Keage = Snap Kick
Kekomi = Thrust Kick
Mae Geri = Front Kick
Mawashi Geri = Round Kick
Ushiro geri = Back kick
Ushiro mawashi geri = Reverse roundhouse kick
Yoko Geri = Side Kick
Hangetsu dachi = Half-moon stance
Kiba Dachi = Straddle Leg Stance (Horse riding stance)
Kosa dachi = Cross-legged stance
Zenkutsu Dachi =Front Stance
Kokutsu Dachi = Back Stance
Shuto = Knife Hand
Ken = Fist
Haito = Ridge hand
Nukite = Spear hand
Areas of the body
Jodan = Face area
Chudan = Stomach area
Gedan = Lower half of body
Empi = Elbow
Gohon Kumite = Five Attack Sparring
Ippon Kumite = One Attack Sparring
Jiyu Ippon Kumite = Semi-Freestyle One Attack Sparring
Jiyu Kumite = Freestyle Sparring
Dojo = Training Hall
Gi = Karate suit
Hajime = Begin
Hamni = Half round facing
Kamae-Te = Take up position
Kata = Form
Kihon = Basic Training
Yame = Stop
Yasume = End of Exercise
Yoi =Prepare Yourself
Ichi = One
Ni = Two
San = Three
Shi = Four
Go = Five
Roku = Six
Shichi = Seven
Hachi = Eight
Kyu = Nine
Jyu = Ten
The dojo is the Japanese name for the place of training.
Etiquette and standards of behaviour are very important in karate.
Students have a responsibility to behave in a manner which maintains and enhances the reputation of the dojo, and to refrain from any form of behaviour that may reflect badly on their fellow students or instructors.
• Bowing upon entering and leaving the Dojo
• Bowing to your instructor and more senior grades
• No talking inside the Dojo, unless absolutely necessary
• No jewellery or other personal adornments may be worn
• Students must have clean and short finger and toe nails
• Students must ensure that their gi is clean, tidy, and respectable
• Students must try to arrive at least 10 minutes prior to the lesson start
• Students that arrive late may not be allowed to train
• No food, drink or chewing in the Dojo
• Decorum should be observed at all times
Dojo Kun (Dojo Code)
1. Jinkaku kansei ni tsutomeru koto.
Work to perfect your character.
2. Makoto no michi o mamoru koto.
Have fidelity in seeking a true way.
3. Doryoku no seishin o yashinau koto.
Cultivate a spirit of endeavor and perseverance.
4. Reigi o omonjiru koto.
Always act with good manners.
5. Kekki no yu o imashimeru koto.
Refrain from violent and uncontrolled behavior.